Quality Home Health Care

How to Manage Diabetes

Managing diabetes requires awareness. Maintaining your blood sugar levels within the range recommended by your doctor can be a challenging task. diabetes management instruction from aideListed below are some simple tips that can help you manage your diabetes.

Take your Medications Regularly

Taking your medication regularly as prescribed by your doctor is important to help keep your diabetes in control. Diabetes when left untreated increases the risk of complications such as heart disease and nerve damage. The symptoms of diabetes may not be very prominent. This can make it difficult for you to notice immediate repercussions if you forget to take the prescribed medication. A great way to remind yourself about taking your medicines on time is to set a daily alarm and keep it in a place where you see it every day. Using some smart phone apps that help remind you of taking your medicines can also be helpful.

Keep a check on your Blood Glucose Levels

The blood glucose levels can increase or decrease due to numerous factors including exercise, illness, food, stress or medication. For diabetes management, it is important that you monitor your blood sugar levels and see whether the levels or higher or lower than their target range. Take the advice of your physician about how often you need to check and the precautions that are required to be taken if your readings are abnormal.

Eat healthy

To control sugar levels and maintain an ideal weight, it is important that you keep a check on your eating habits. The type of food you eat or the combination of food types you include in your diet and the amount of food you eat can play a crucial role in affecting your blood sugar levels. A diabetic diet need not be complicated. A nutritional requirement of a diabetic is usually the same as a normal person. However, to keep your diabetes under check, it is essential that you learn how to identify hidden sugars and choose the right kinds of food, especially the carbohydrates you eat.

To help you understand your eating patterns, make a record of what you are eating, the time you eat, the amount of food you have consumed. Although, this may seem a little complicated in the beginning, keeping a record will help you identify situations in which you have made unhealthy food choices and allow you to make the necessary adjustments.

Exercise

Apart from allowing you maintain your weight; exercise plays a crucial role in diabetes management. Doing exercises regularly not only helps you shed those extra pounds and reduce body fat but also improves your body’s response to insulin and improve blood-sugar control. To exercise regularly, you do not have to necessarily enroll in a gym. Finding a physical activity (walking, jogging or running) that you enjoy and doing it consistently for about 30 minutes for about five days a week can do wonders in helping you manage your diabetes.

Quit Smoking

Smoking not only increases the risk of developing diabetes but can also worsen the problems and complications associated with diabetes. Additionally, smoking can cause inflammation, constrict blood vessels and raise blood glucose levels. Diabetic patients who are smokers are at a higher risk of kidney disease, blood vessel damage, and nerve damage and foot and leg infection. It is therefore highly recommended that you quit smoking to manage your diabetes.

Seek Help

To manage diabetes and stay healthy, it is important that you have a good supportive team. Ideally, your medical team should include your physician; dietitian, podiatrist, endocrinologist, ophthalmologist and a dentist who can help you manage your condition. Additionally, sharing your challenges and struggles with friends and family or joining a support group where you can connect with people similar challenges can be highly beneficial in helping you maintain a positive outlook on managing diabetes.

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Aging and the Benefits of Non-Medical Home Care

The process of aging is an inevitable reality that begins at birth and continues throughout one’s lifetime. Human beings and animals face aging and mortality. The same applies to fungi. Conversely, various other species can be regarded as immortal.

Some plants like strawberries grow runners with the aim to produce clones of themselves while bacteria is known to produce daughter cells. On the other hand, animals that fall under the genus Hydra are capable of regenerating themselves to avoid dying due to old age.

Aging is a major risk factor for a number of human diseases. As a result, up to two thirds of people who die each day around the world, pass on due to age-related health complications. The proportion is significantly higher in developed countries, reaching 90 percent.

Physiological changes

Humans experience a wide range of age-related physiological changes that have an impact on their overall functionality and appearance. For instance, the process of cognitive decline starts in the mid-20s. Photoaging causes the development of wrinkles, especially on areas that are exposed to the sun. Female fertility generally declines after reaching its peak in the mid-20s.

The risk of developing presbyopia increases by the age of 35 and the majority of people need reading spectacles between the ages of 45 and 50. This is due to the hardening of lens as the levels of a-crystallin declines marginally. The process may be exacerbated by environmental factors, such as higher temperatures.

aging manHair turns gray around the age of 50 while pattern hair loss also kicks in for 50 percent of males and 25 percent of women. Females typically undergo menopause between the ages of 49 and 52. Problems associated with arthritis become more prevalent after the age of 60. Meanwhile, 50 percent of individuals over the age of 75 experience hearing loss that negatively impacts spoken communication.

Cataracts affect up to 50 percent of senior citizens over the age of 80 in the United States. The condition usually necessitates cataract surgery. Frailty reduces mobility for a quarter of seniors over the age of 85. The condition is attributed to the loss of muscle mass and other factors.

Experts say the maximum suggested human lifespan stands at 115 years. The oldest human was Jeanne Calment who lived for 122 years and passed away in 1997.

Cognitive decline

Old age has the capacity to trigger dementia. The condition affects around three percent of people aged between the ages of 65 and 74. The proportion increases to about 19 percent between the ages of 75 and 84 whereas 50 percent of individuals over the age of 85 are affected by dementia.

The spectrum varies with some individuals experiencing mild cognitive impairment while others are faced with more acute neurodegenerative diseases. These include Parkinson’s, Lou Gehrig’s, Alzheimer’s and cerebrovascular disease. In addition, it is possible to experience a wide variety of memory retention issues.

In some cases, the problems may not extend to general knowledge or semantic memory, which is involved in the retention of vocabulary definitions, among other things. These aspects eventually decline over time. Overall intelligence can be affected by cognitive decline and the degree or severity of the decline varies from one person to another. It is also possible for intelligence to remain unchanged throughout one’s lifetime.

Musculoskeletal problems

Musculoskeletal problems are generally caused by premature degenerative joint and bone disease. As a result, individuals experience considerable difficulty moving and may become disabled. Osteoporosis is one of the most common musculoskeletal conditions that affects an estimated 54 million Americans over the age of 50.Elderly senior woman on wheelchair with aide

The condition drastically increases the risk of fractures, which affects quality of life for seniors. Some of the factors that elevate risk of developing osteoporosis include decreased strength, low physical activity, early menopause and low muscle tone. Up to 40 percent of elderly adults and 22 percent of middle age adults suffer from osteoarthritis of the spine.

The condition is associated with a variety of symptoms, including pain, weakness and numbness. In some cases, other pre-existing health diseases may make it difficult to detect these symptoms. Flat feet, a congenital condition is another form of musculoskeletal abnormality linked to aging.

Heart disease

The chronic condition is known to affect approximately 26 percent of females and 37 percent of males who are older than 65. The Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics released the figures.

Old age generates wide-ranging risk factors, including high levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure. These factors drastically increase the possibility of suffering a stroke or developing cardiovascular disease.

Vision impairments

Visual impairments are another condition that affects one’s ability to handle day-to-day activities without assistance. Eye disorders are common among the elderly. The prevalence of this problem increases by 18 percent in the 30 to 39 age group and by 28 percent between the ages of 40 and 49. On the other hand, the prevalence rates for the 50 to 59 age group is 45 percent.

Some of the common ophthalmological complications include keratoconus, strabismus, refraction problems and cataracts. The prevalence rates of cataracts in adults in the general population stands at 17 percent. Visual issues can still persist even after an individual undergoes surgery. Some of the disorders faced by the elderly include poor use of bifocals and aphakia (absence of the eye’s lens).

Senile cataracts are characterized by the progressive thickening of the lens.

Cancer

Cancer affects millions of elderly people around the world and it is regarded as the second leading cause of death for individuals older than 65. Figures released by the CDC show that up to 21 percent of females and 28 percent of males over the age of 65 suffer from the disease. A significant number of cancer types are treatable when detected early. Doctors use a variety of screening tests to detect cancer, including skin checks, colonoscopies and mammograms.

Seniors with cancer can significantly improve their quality of life by following healthy senior living recommendations.

Respiratory diseases

Chronic lower respiratory diseases affect more than 10 percent of elderly men and women. The diseases include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic bronchitis (emphysema). Respiratory conditions can increase the risk of developing pneumonia and other infections.

Health practitioners recommend undergoing lung infection tests, using oxygen properly and taking the correct medication. This has the capacity to improve the quality of life of sufferers.

Alzheimer’s disease

According to a report published by the Alzheimer’s Association, this condition affects one in nine seniors over the age of 65, which represents a proportion of 11 percent. However, the figure does not show the full picture because the disease is difficult to diagnose accurately.

Alzheimer’s is one of several diseases that increase the burden of care. Elderly people suffering from the condition are faced with safety issues. For this reason, it is necessary to consider non-medical home care Florida or in an old age facility.

Self-perception of aging

Research studies have showed a link between positive self-perception and optimal wellbeing and reduced mortality. The correlation has been observed in many older people regardless of health status, psychological functioning or socioeconomic status. However, the finding is particularly is stronger for males when compared to females.

People who are objectively healthy tend to perceive their well-being better than those who are unwell. As a result, the subjective health of older people stays considerably stable. This is applicable even when the health status deteriorates. Studies revealed that perceived health can improve with age when an individual makes an effort to control objective health.

Scientists refer to the phenomenon as the paradox of aging. It is attributed to a variety of factors, such as social comparison. Many people tend to compare their own health status to people of the same age.

Successful aging

aide helping elederly woman with computerThe concept of successful aging focuses on the elimination of cognitive and physical disabilities. The concept was conceived in the 1950s and eventually gained popularity 30 years later. Successful aging has three key components that include:

– Social and productive engagement
– Freedom from disease and disability,
– High cognitive and physical functioning

Benefits of non-medical home care in Florida

Home-based non-medical care allows seniors to age in-place by avoiding the inconvenience of moving to an institution. The home environment is ideal for the elderly because they enjoy daily interaction with loved ones in addition to the familiarity with the settings. Institutions, on the other hand, are filled with strangers, which may lead to discomfort. In turn, this can worsen pre-existing health conditions.

A home care aide can provide assistance commensurate with the level of care required by an individual. Professional caregivers can help with a wide variety of daily tasks, including bathing and food preparation.

Opting for non-medical home care has the capacity to minimize chances of worsening health conditions. In addition, professional caregivers reduce safety risks faced by a senior citizen suffering from conditions, such as Alzheimer’s. Families of the elderly can enjoy peace of mind knowing that their loved one is received personalized care by an aide at home.

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Healthy Living Tips to Help Seniors Live Longer

Many seniors today enjoy excellent health during their golden years, and in general, seniors enjoy a longer life expectancy than ever before. Growing older can’t be avoided, but taking the following steps can help to increase your life expectancy.

Diet and Life Expectancy

If you want to celebrate your 100th birthday, maintaining a healthy diet is one of the best things you can do. If your diet isn’t quite what it should be, you should seriously consider making some significant changes in what you eat.A healthy elderly man  with his family

Living a long life is common in Okinawa, which enjoys one of the highest life expectancies anywhere. Seniors in this chain of Japanese islands are more likely to be free from heart disease and cancer, as well as more likely to live longer.

Soy, legumes and small amounts of fish are an important part of the diet in this area, which helps to increase the life expectancy of the residents. Many residents eat purple sweet potato rather than rice, and green and yellow vegetables typically make up about 30 percent of the diet.

If you are trying to lose weight, you may want to consider moving to Okinawa, as the diet there is especially conducive to weight loss, comprising about 1785 calories. Fewer grains, sugar, meat and polyunsaturated fats are consumed there, in contrast to the rest of Japan.aide serving elderly woman a healthy meal

Plenty of beans, fruit, nuts, whole grains and fish are staples of the Mediterranean diet, which is also known for its extensive use of olive oil. This diet is popular on the island of Sardinia, where residents enjoy a higher than average life expectancy. Heart disease and depression are less likely with anyone following this diet, which limits the amount of cheese, meats, and sugary foods.

Seafood is healthy because of the presence of Omega 3 fats and it features heavily in the diet of the European country of Monaco, whose residents also enjoy a high life expectancy. Fruits and vegetables are also eaten often by Monaco residents.

People in Macau also enjoy a long life, partly due to their diet which focuses on vegetables and seafood. Different spices, the use of fresh ingredients and a combination of Portuguese and Asian flavors also feature in the local diet.

The high amounts of antioxidants in the Japanese diet help to contribute to the long life of residents of that country. However, eating plenty of leafy green vegetables, seaweed, fish, and tofu also help to increase the life expectancy of Japanese seniors and minimize the possibility of cancer or heart disease.

In the US, seniors also enjoy a higher life expectancy in the California city of Loma Linda. Plenty of exercise and a healthy diet are characteristics of the Seventh-day Adventist religion, which is practiced by many of the residents here.

It doesn’t take too much to see what most of these communities have in common, and why their residents enjoy a long life. Natural and non-processed foods are common in all of these diets, and it can make a huge difference to anyone looking to increase their life expectancy. Red meat and poultry are eaten sparingly or are replaced by fish and seafood.

Plenty of vegetables and fruits in the diet are also essential for anyone seeking a long life. The typical American diet contains more calories than the healthy diets described above.

Adding some of these healthy choices into your own diet can help to increase your life expectancy and also improve your overall health.

Lifestyle and Life Expectancy

The right lifestyle can make a huge difference, whether you are a senior or you are in your teens. Increased life expectancy and better overall health can be the results of taking more exercise.

Too little sleep can make you feel tired and listless, and can actually adversely affect your health. Good mental and physical health is essential for seniors, and making sure that you are getting 8 hours sleep every night is important. Don’t be fooled by the popular misconception that less sleep is needed as we get older.

Elderly man exercising with aides helpA lack of exercise can be detrimental to your health, whether you are a teen or a senior, and getting plenty of exercise is important, regardless of age. Simple workouts at home, walking, riding a bike or swimming are all excellent and inexpensive ways to stay in shape, although before you commence any exercise routine, always talk to your doctor first.

A long life is more likely if you do all possible to avoid stress, which is more harmful than you might think. Soaking in the bath, exercising, reading or listening to music are all excellent ways to lower your stress levels. If you are routinely stressed out, consult your doctor or confide in a close friend if you have something on your mind.

You can enjoy better health and an increased life expectancy if companionship and friendship are important parts of your life. A life spent socializing and interacting with others is much healthier and much more enjoyable, and if you live alone, make a point to address that. Volunteering, participating in a sport or craft, or taking part in a community activity can all be beneficial and enjoyable.

Giving up unhealthy habits are just as important as diet and exercise for any seniors wanting to increase their chances of living a long life. Make a point of not drinking to excess, quitting smoking, and avoiding illegal or addictive drugs. Your doctor can help if you are having difficulty giving any of these things up.

Seniors also have a better life expectancy as well as better health if they have a sense of purpose. Meaning and purpose in life are important to anyone, but especially so as we get older, and you can find purpose in volunteering, writing a diary, taking up a new hobby or simply babysitting for a friend or neighbor.

You can get useful tips on prolonging your life and improving your overall quality of life by consulting your doctor regularly. And of course, your doctor can also keep track of any treatment you might need or preventative measures to be taken.

Regular visits to your dentist are a must too, whether you still have your own teeth or have succumbed to dentures. Serious medical issues can be prevented by visiting your dentist regularly, as oral health often affects our overall health.

If your goal is to reach your 100th birthday, the diet, exercise and healthy living tips above can really help to make that dream a reality. It is never too early or too late to make positive change and you really can take steps to increase your life expectancy.

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How the Brain Benefits From Hiking

Many people already know and understand the many positive benefits the mind, body and soul can all gain from their hiking through the forest but recently there has been more good news released to them. a walk in the woodRecent scientific studies conducted have now shown us the positive effect hiking also has on the brain as well, being able to change it for the better!

Most of those who take the time to hike in nature can understand that special feeling of contentment and calm that they enjoy so much are now also learning how their efforts can in fact reduce rumination as well. So many of us understand and realize how we can be consumed by negative thoughts and how these can negatively effect us when they are happening and even worse, can lead to severe issues with anxiety and depression moving forward. The recent good news furnished in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences recent survey points out their findings that one can significantly decrease any negative, obsessive thoughts by spending more time in nature.

One of the interesting components of this study had researchers compare the reported rumination of those participants hiking through a natural environment versus those hiking through an urban one. The good news for those walking in a natural environment for 90 minutes or more was lower levels of rumination and also in the subgenual prefrontal cortex, a reduced neural activity. the subgenual prefrontal cortex is an area of the brain which relates to any mental illness symptoms. On the other hand, no decreased rumination was reported on those who conducted their walk through the urban environment.

It was also pointed out by the researchers just how increased urbanization correlates closely with different mental illnesses and increased instances of depression. These reports all show just how spending more time out in nature and getting ourselves away from the urban settings, can greatly benefit not just our psychological well-being, but our physical health as well.

Psychologists Ruth Ann Atchley and David L. Strayer conducted a study that showed how reconnecting with nature and disconnecting from technology can and will drastically improve creative problem solving. In this study, participants, for about 4 days, backpacked through nature and were forbidden to employ any technology at all. They were then asked to perform various tasks that required complex problem solving and creative thinking on their part. The net results researchers found for those taking part in this tech-free hiking excursion is that by 50% their performance on problem solving tasks improved!

In this study, the researchers noted and pointed out how both urban noise and technology can constantly demand our attention, be incredibly disruptive and certainly keep us from focusing properly and how these all can play havoc with our cognitive functions. On the other hand, taking a nice long hike with no technology interrupting can and will soothe the mind, reduce all mental fatigue and unquestionably boost one’s creative thinking.

A problem becoming more and more common in children is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD). The children that have it easily get distracted, have a difficult time with staying focused and with impulse control and also exhibit excessive hyperactivity.

While it certainly can be difficult for parents raising children that have ADHD, the typical solution which is to opt for prescription medicine, might actually not be the best choice to make, especially when there are natural solutions which will work just as well. In a study conducted by Andrea Faber Taylor, PhD and Frances E Kup, PhD, it was shown how exposing to “green outdoor activities” those children who have ADHD, their symptoms will reduce significantly! This study’s results point out the benefit of exposure to nature that are there for anyone that exhibits impulsive behavior, or anyone that has trouble paying attention.

We already understand how our overall well-being is enhanced by exercise. Between 400-700 calories will be burned hourly by our hiking. And depending on the hike difficulty and one’s size, hiking is far easier on the joints then say running might be. In addition, hiking is a great choice to become and stay active on a consistent basis as it has been proven how those who get started doing it will invariably continue to stick with doing it.

University of British Columbia researchers have discovered how hippocampal volume, which is the part of the brain associated with episodic and spatial memory, is increase in women 70 years of age and older, through aerobic exercising. Memory loss is not only improved by such exercise but in many instances prevented all together. In addition, it has been found to also release endorphins, boost self esteem and reduce anxiety and stress! This solution to these issues certainly beats the alternative of taking medications to deal with them.

The great news is that the entire family, including the grandparents, can and will benefit from hiking. You can get started on a small basis and do what works for you as you continue to go along with it. A walk in the park is a great place to begin and you should make every effort to keep your phone turned off unless there is some sort of emergency you are possibly going to need to deal with!

Layer your clothing to adjust to the weather, bring a bottle of water with you, wear a hat and make sure you have good shoes for hiking. Get started and you will soon realize the great benefits you will be enjoying!

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Surgical Correction for Cataracts

Nearly everyone experiences an eye problem at some point in life.

When the eyes are healthy, they focus the light that passes through the pupil to the retina at the back of the eye, allowing us to focus. cataractCataracts cloud the lens. The hazy lens prevents light from passing to the retina, impairing or dimming the vision. Once the cataract starts, it gradually increases the amount of light it blocks.

While most cataracts are age-related, some form due to other reasons. Such cataracts are much less common than age related ones.
For example:

Babies or children may develop congenital cataracts due to birth defects or heredity. Occasionally, a child forms cataracts for no obvious reason.

Eye surgery or chronic diseases are other causes of cataracts.

Medications, particularly steroids and diseases such as diabetes increase the risk of cataract formation.

Trauma that results in an eye wound can start the formation of a cataract. These cataracts may advance slowly.

Smoking, obesity, hypertension, prolonged exposure to sunlight and heredity also increase one’s chances of developing cataracts.

Cataracts are diagnosed by an ophthalmologist who examines the eyes by dilating the pupils using medication in the form of eye drops. He uses a slit-lamp to examine the cornea, lens and iris, as well as the space between the lens and iris. The doctor uses an ophthalmoscope, a special microscope, that allows the doctor to look for details and check for abnormalities. While the pupil is dilated, the doctor examines the retina and looks for diseases including glaucoma and cataracts. He also examines the retina and optic nerve. Additionally, the patient undergoes a standard vision acuity test, that involves evaluating the eyes using various sizes of letters.

If your doctor discovers cataracts, but you want to avoid surgery, you may have a few options. Depending on the severity of the condition, a simple change in prescription lenses may help you to see better.

Once you reach age 65, have an annual eye exam.

Protect your eyes from the sun by wearing a hat and choosing sunglasses designed to block 99 % of ultraviolet rays.

Avoid smoking.

Lose some weight. Your primary care physician can offer some tips to help.

If the cataracts cause halos or blur your vision after dark, limit your night driving.

If you find reading difficult, try using a magnifying glass.

Avoid any eye drops that claim to cure cataracts, as drops cannot cure the condition.

When the vision changes become too bothersome, see your ophthalmologist. Cataracts are easily treated with surgical removal. If the condition changes your lifestyle, you have the option of a simple surgery. Prior to the operation your doctor will perform tests. He will measure the curve of the cornea and size of the eye so he can choose the correct lens.

If you have had eye surgery such as Lasik in the past, it does not prevent cataracts, but you should let the surgeon know your medical history.

It is also important to inform the surgeon of any medications you take, including supplements and sleep aids. Some medications can slow the healing process. The doctor may prescribe eye drops for a few days after the surgery to help prevent infection.

Cataract surgery is generally quick and painless. The doctor makes a very small incision next to the cornea in the front of your eye. He then uses high-frequency ultrasound to break up the cataract before suctioning it away. He replaces the damaged lens with an intraocular lens (IOL). IOLs may be made of plastic, silicon or acrylic. As healing occurs, light begins passing through the new lens so it can focus on the retina and your vision starts to clear within a few days. To protect the new lens, the doctor places a protective shield over the eyes. He also provides wraparound sunglasses. After a short rest in the recovery, patients are ready to head home. However, every patient is required to have someone else to drive them home, as they are restricted from driving immediately after the procedure.

During the week after surgery you should:
-Avoid touching the eye
-Wear your shield continually
-Put on the provided sunglasses if in bright light
-Avoid lifting, bending or any strenuous exercise
-Protect the eye from water and dirt

It is normal for the vision to be blurry for a few days after surgery. If you experience pain, call your doctor immediately.

As with any surgery, there are some risks:

-The surgical site could become infected

-The retina or cornea or retina could swell

-The retina could detach

-You could experience glaucoma

-There could be hemorrhaging in the eye

Your insurance or Medicare sometimes helps with the cost of cataract surgery. Always check with your surgeon if you have questions about the surgery or expense when making your plans.

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